From the point of flow, there are many safety measures put into place that allow liquid product to flow safely and securely through Canada’s pipeline system. Each well in an oil field has a number of gathering lines that lead to a central facility called an oil battery. Then oil producers operator larger feeder pipelines to transport crude oil to terminals. Once at the terminals the oil is stored prior to entering the main transmission lines.
Employees at the terminals are operated by highly specialized people trained in safe handling and shipping of oil, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year. The oil then goes to transmission pipelines to be distributed across the country by CEPA members. Canadian Energy Pipeline Association members belong to a non-profit organization of Canada’s leading owners and operators of transmission pipelines. Also, members that have an interest in the energy pipeline business.
Natural Gas Pipelines
Small gathering lines from each natural gas well transport natural gas to processing facilities. Once the natural gas reaches the processing facility, the liquids such as propane, butane and ethane are separated fro the natural gas. The liquids are transported by liquid pipelines for processing to oil refineries.
Methanethiol is added to the natural gas that is leftover because natural gas is odourless. Methanethiol makes the natural gas smell like rotten eggs. This allows individuals to detect a natural gas leak. Once the natural gas itself is processed it is then transported via large transmission pipelines and compressor stations which are located approximately every 65 to 160 kilometres along the pipeline system to safely transport the fuel.
These large pipelines also contain sensors that send important information such as flow speed, temperature and pressure to a control room which is closely monitored in real-time.